Gloucester Through
                  Time and Art

                              My Paintings       
  Set into the History of  Gloucester, Massachusetts
                        between 1910 to 1938            
                          

                                          

1910

           The Cut was deepened and an electrically operated draw
              installed in 1910. (9)

          Canvas #12 The Michigan Bears

  1911

                           INCREASE IN GILL NETTING FLEET

              Now a Firmly Established Branch of the Shore Fishery

          Seventeen Crafts Will Pursue the Industry Here This Season

            Gloucester Daily Times                        November 23, 1911

   Within a few days the fleet of Gill netting fishing crafts, with headquarters at this port, will number 17 sail. The business was begun here in the summer of 1910 with but a few, was increased later by the addition of several from the Great Lakes and again, increased this season by several more from that locality and along the New England Coast.
   Last season was a profitable one for those engaged in this method of fishing and has now become firmly established in the prosecution of the shore fishery. Crafts going out in the morning and returning at night with there fares of right alive fish which are generally ships to Boston and sometimes landed (there).
   The building up of this business has brought to this city many families and also brought into active use several pieces of wharf property which have lain idle for some time. The fleet gives employment to many workmen.
    Besides the men engaged on the fishing crafts, all of which are steamers or gasoline(driven), other men are engaged all the time on shore, overhauling and repairing the net's and getting them ready for the next day's fishing, and men are also required in the taking in and shipping plants to help unload the fares and ship the fish.
   The shipments each day are considerable which means the teaming and freighting and with so large a fleet of powered craft, there is always repair and alteration work to be done so take it all in all this gillnetting fleet at the present time is quite an asset in the fishing and business community.
   These boats require quite large open wharf space on which can be erected the big reels over which the nets are reeled every day and overhauled and also a shed for storing appurtenances.

                     Unused Wharf Property Benefits by Their Appearance

At the Leighton wharf on Wharf Street, six of these craft, the Prince Olaf, Weasel, Mindoro, Naomi Bruce, Ibsen, and Alice make their headquarters, while at the John J. Stanwood wharf on Commercial Street, the Rough Rider, Eagle and Margaret D. are located. At the Lantz wharf on Duncan Street are the Quoddy, Nomad and Enterprise. The Quality is now in commission and the Nomad is expected today from Stonington, Conn. and the Enterprise and the other one are expected here from the same locality with in a week.
   At the Lantz wharf are also the plants of John W. Atwood and Capt. Geo. E. Allison who ship the fish for most of the fleet.
   Across the dock on the westerly side of the wharf of the American Halibut Company, the Boston Shipping Company is to have a shipping shed space for it's two steamers, Pethulia, and Geisha which are now to go gillnetting, the former arriving here to start in yesterday.
    The steamer Willard of Portland is also to be one of the fleet and will have reel space and building on the Charles Parkhurst wharf and Capt. Patrick Murphy of this port, who recently bought a steamer at New York, which he is fitting out for the business, is to have his reels and a shed on the land of the Boston & Gloucester Steamboat Company off Pearce Street.
   Capt. Atwood has thus far had a busy season in shipping the catches of many of the fleet now going. Capt. Allison arrives here last night from Stonington and will have things ready for business when the Nomad arrives.

        Harbor Cove…...from schooners
                                 to draggers

   1912

        On October 5, 1912 John A. and Annie Dahlmer bought the premises stated as parcel one in a deed given by Dorcas S. Foster. It would be the family homestead for the next ten years. My father, born in 1915, would live there until he started school, and the family moved across town to Hovey St., top of the hill, overlooking Gloucester's outer harbor.

        Canvas #14          Mid-Tide Smith Cove, Rocky Neck

        Parcel one, was bordered on the left, by what is now "Bickford Way" 
{see Canvas #14}, on the right by Freemont St., with the horse-drawn wagon,
and fronted by Rocky Neck Ave.. It also included the cottage on the shore, 17 Rocky Neck Ave. the former gallery of Edward Beaulier.

        Canvas #16                  17 Rocky Neck Ave.

        This is the class picture of the one room school house on Rocky Neck, around 1912

               (1) My Uncle Eber    (2) Uncle Ronald    (3) Aunt Margaret     (4) Aunt Laura
                                     and (5) my Aunt Mary  .. all Dahlmer's.

         Canvas #26       Grandfather in the Wheelhouse of the "Margaret D."
                                       A nice summer's day and a deck load of fish

        Canvas #23     Anticipation of the Catch aboard the "Margaret D."

        From the Gloucester Daily Times

                                           Today's Arrivals and Receipts


The arrivals and receipts in detail are:

Sch. Marsala, Georges handlining, 22,000 lbs. salt cod, 1800 lbs. halibut
Sch. Yakima, via. Portland, 10,000 lbs fresh fish, 10,000 lbs. salt fish.
*Str. Ibsen, gill netting, 2000 lbs. fresh fish.
*Str. Alice, gill netting, 1000 lbs. fresh fish
*Str. Naomi Bruce, gill netting, 2000 lbs. fresh fish.
*Str. Mindora, gill netting, 1400 lbs. fresh fish.
*Str. Rough Rider, gill netting, 2500 lbs. fresh fsh.
*Str. Margaret D., gill netting, 4500 lbs. fresh fish.
*Str. Prince Olaf, gill netting, 1500 lbs. fresh fish.
*Str. Enterprise, gill netting, 2000 lbs. fresh fish.
*Str. Venture, gill netting, 1000 lbs. fresh fish.
*Str. Hope, gill netting, 1300 lbs. fresh fish.
Str. Geisha, gill netting, 10,000 lbs. fresh fish.
*Str. Roamer, gill netting, 400 lbs. fresh fish.
Sch. Pauline, Georges, handlining, 20,000 lbs. salt cod, 5000 lbs. fresh halibut.
Sch. Belbina P. Domingoes, via. Boston, 40,000 lbs. fresh fish.
Sch. Mary E. Sylveria, via. Boston

* All "Michigan Bears"

                                                                      August 24, 1912

Capt. John A. McKinnon and his crew have killed the sea serpent, according to the Portland Argus. It was 60 feet long and had a big fin like a leg of mutton sail, put up a desperate fight, exhausting the crew,and - oh, well, here's what the Argus says:

"The sea serpent, which has been a frequent visitor to our coast for the past 20 summers, and an object of dread to all fishermen, will be seen no more having been killed on Sunday last off Cape porpoise by the crew of the Boston fishing steamer
Philomena, once the George F. West steam yacht of the same name, after a desperate combat, lasting nearly two hours.
"Capt. John A. McKinnon, the master of the Philomena, one of the best known mackerel killers on the coast, was a busy man yesterday afternoon taking out a fair of mackerel at commercial wharf which he had just secured off the lightship, but delayed his departure from the dark long enough to give a brief account of the affair, which occurred on Sunday fore noon.
"A small school of mackerel in the seine boat were pulling in the seine when a commotion was noticed among the fish, and the serpent, which had evidently been under the seine, made its appearance alongside the boat to the alarm and disgust of the crew, who had never seen anything resembling it before. In some way it became entangled in the seine, tearing it to pieces, and then started off at a 2.40 gait, with the boat, seine and everything in tow, all the mackerel estimated at about 40 barrels, getting away.
"At last one of the Philomena's Men armed with a knife a foot long reached a vital spot, and after a great splashing the serpent succumbed. Capt. McKinnon describes the sea monster as being from 50 to 60 feet in length, it's body, which resembled in size and shape an immense tree trunk being black with a rough skin coveted with barnacles.
It had what the fishermen call a hammer head and an immense fin on the back resembling a leg of mutton sail and nearly as large.
The skipper was afterwards sorry that he did not tow the serpent into port, but with a badly exhausted crew and a wrecked seine he concluded it best to cut him adrift. Called "Big Ben ." by the fishermen , and dreaded by them so much that they invariably pulled up stakes when he put in an appearance, he has been seen every summer along the coast for many years, although its existence has been doubted by many. On one occasion it ventured into this harbor, and was seen by many at the islands. the defunct serpent has been the theme of countless jokes in times gone by, and has been celebrated in poetry and prose."

         Canvas #144   Grandfather John A.'s  "Margaret D." and the schooner "Judith" tied up off Commercial St. at the John J. Stanwood wharf.
 

         Margaret D. rafted up across town.

         Archie Fenton buys the property that he has been renting at 273 East Main St., East Gloucester.  He had built the "Great Republic" for Howard Blackburn here back in 1900.

        Margaret D.'s seine boat on the wharf in East Gloucester

                                                   Gloucester Magazine                           Vol. lV No.1
                                                                                                                    Winter 1981
                                                 The Michigan Bears
                                                                                         By William D. Hubbard
The fishing method of gill netting originated long ago in Norway but arrived in Gloucester 70 ago by a most roundabout route. In the hazy, humid pre-dawn of August 14, 1910, five small boats slipped out of the harbor at Charlevoix, Michigan, and began a voyage destined to shape the future of every man aboard. The little fleet, not a vessel over 35 feet in length, would sail more than 2,200 miles eastward in the next 24 days. While the men headed out across Lake Michigan, their wives and children left the waterfront and returned to lakeside homes and farms to await the return of their men in the spring.
The acknowledged leader of the expedition was Captain Albert Arnold whose Mindoro led the group. With Arnold aboard Mindora as crewmen were Oliver (Cy) Tysver, Herman Tysver and Gerry (Mike) Shoares. The Hope, Weasel, Prince Olaf and Eagle followed, skippered by Jack Genet, Ed Weiderman, Sam Halberson and John Nordrum. In all, some 20 pioneer fishermen left Charlevoix that day bound for Americ's most famous fishing port, Gloucester, Massachusetts. There, these inlanders would introduce gill netting to the skeptical Yankees.
The men from Michigan were all experienced in Norwegian-born gill netting. Many of their fathers had set these nets in the Skagerrak and North Sea before immigrating to the American Midwest in the early 1800's. Although the U.S, Fish Commision sponsored successful tests of the gill nets in Ipswich Bay in 1880-81, and Gloucesters's own Captain George Martin took the Northern Eagle netting in the winter of '81, the locals remained chary of new ways. It remained for the tough little crew from Michigan to prove that gill netting was a viable fishing method and to write another page of Gloucester's prominent fishing history.
Fishing on the Great Lakes in the seasons just prior to 1910 had gone from bad to worse. Always a tough way to make a living, it became nearly impossible when the whitefish failed to school in their usual locations.
While facing bleak prospects for the coming season, Arnold and the other men learned of the Fish Commission experiment. Bill McInnis, the young Midwestern salesman for Cape Ann Net & Twine Co. who sold them their gear, was popular with and respected by the Lake's fishermen. On several trips to Charlevoix, he urged them to follow up on the Commission's experiment by putting their proved netting methods to work off Gloucester. Also Booth Fisheries Co., a Chicago fish processing firm, had recently opened a plant in Gloucester. They too urged the men to try it. It was either stay at home with little hope of a good catch or gamble their skills in new waters.
The little fleet passed south of St. Ignace and through the Straits of Mackinac late the first day. Good weather held and they sailed south, entering lake St. Clair and the Detroit River and on into Lake Erie. At Buffalo, New York, they entered the barge canal and proceeded east to its juncture with the Hudson River at Troy. From there it was a fast passage downstream to New York City and their first taste of salt spray as they ran out through Hell Gate and into Long Island Sound.
When the little boats left the sheltered waters of the sound at Montauk and entered the North Atlantic, Captain Arnold set a course ENE across Nantucket Sound for the outer cape. (The Cape Cod Canal was under construction but would not open for shipping until 1914.)
On September 27, they rounded Race Point, slipped into the shelter of Provincetown Harbor, and put ashore for the night. Mooring their boats on the edge of the beach, everyone enjoyed a night ashore only 20 miles from Gloucester. But rising the next morning in anticipation of a quick passage to Cape Ann, those Michigan lads has quite a surprise, the five little vessels they had moored at bayside last night were now over 100 feet from the nearest drop of water! It took a little thought and the endurance of some good-natured ribbing from the Provincetown folks before they realized they had just experienced the effects of the ocean tides.
On arrival at Gloucester next day, they lost no time in rigging their gear and preparing the nets for the winter's fishing. Each gill net was 50 fathoms long by two fathoms deep, a fathom measuring six feet. Nets were made of flax twine and had six-inch mesh openings, or six-inch "mash" in local parlance. Fifty round glass floats buoyed up the top edge and as many bricks held down the bottom of the net. Three nets were strung together to form a "gang". The end of each "gang" was moored by a 14-pound trawl anchor, and a flag buoy marked each end on the ocean's surface.
The "mash" opening was designed to allow a fish to swim only part way through before being stuck. On attempting to back out of the opening, its gills became caught in the twine, providing the name "gill net". Six-inch "mash" was latter increased to eight when the cod and Pollack of Ipswich Bay proved to be larger than the fish of the Great Lakes. Regulating the openings allows for smaller fish to swim through and escape and while the while the larger fish are caught.
Albert Arnold cleared $12 a week in the Mindoro in the winter of 1910-11, an average figure for the five boats. By spring, the new venture was deemed a success and the men headed back to Michigan to pack up and move families and households to Gloucester before the next season.
Despite the Gloucestermen's misgivings about the effects of undertow and tides, the inland fishermen had proven that gill netting would work. Soon, local captains put their trawl tubs and jigs ashore and rigged up with the floats, gangs and leads of the gill netter. Many a struggling fisherman on Lake Superior and Lake Michigan heard of the success of the men from Charlevoix and headed east that summer. With boats and families, they left their homes in Charlevoix, Bear Island, Mackinaw, St. James and Manistee and headed for Cape Ann. The Lasleys and Joneses ad Places were joined by Dahlmers, Lafonds and more Tysvers, all bound for Gloucester and a new future. Most settled on Rocky Neck and in East Gloucester near the bustling piers and wharves of the inner harbor.

           Canvas #6 What would become Bicford Way, and what
                               had been an old fish house on Wonson Cove.

        Canvas #34 Ibsen in Gloucester Harbor

        The Ibsen in Gloucester harbor. Another of the Michigan Bears, the Ibsen's fine
 lines , and weatherly cabin arrangement, allowed the men to day fish, the small horsepower early engine easily driving the hull to make the run to the grounds and back, no longer solely relying on the breeze.

           Axel B.Dahlmer's "Rough Rider" before leaving for Gloucester
             with the rest of the "Michigan Bears".

        from Bill Hubbard...
Ed Weiderman was a"Michigan Bear", and captain of the Dahlmer vessel, "Rough Rider", which went from the Great Lakes to Gloucester in 1911. His Father was Edward J. Weiderman who brought the vessel "Weasel" to Gloucester that same year.

            Canvas #4         Margaret D. in Smith Cove

 John Dahlmer brought the newly-launched Margaret D. to Gloucester in 1910. He, brother Lawrence and son Ronald sailed her down the St. Lawrence around Nova Scotia and down the coast due to her draft.

           1910 Schooner Races

          Drying fish in East Gloucester

        Canvas #120           Schooner at the Wharf

         p.82
 For 50 years these two wharves were the headquarters of the John F. Wonson Company, which sent a fleet of 20 schooners as far as the fish held out, from the Delaware Capes to Greenland.   (14)   In the 1970's the long low building on the left would house my boatshop.
 (1863)…"John Fletcher Wonson, a prominent citizen, died October 21, aged 65 years. He made the first halibut trip to Georges in 1830."  (13)

        Looking down Main St. into the "West End".  Gray's Hardware store would be first building on the left.

         From the BirdsEye Presentation - 11/21/09 - Presentation by Greg Gibson


Down the block from Blackburn's saloon a young man named Frank E. Davis is busy having a very progressive, modern idea. Thanks to upgraded railroad and postal services, America now has the infrastructure to sell goods anywhere in the country by mail. And because of constantly improving packaging and preservation methods, fisheries products can withstand bulk handling and lengthy shelf time. Davis puts these two technologies together and creates Gloucester's first mail order fish company. By 1910 it has become so successful that he needs a new factory to contain it. So Davis utilizes another cutting-edge technology – a newfangled construction method called reinforced concrete – to create the Frank E. Davis factory on Rogers St. Davis' big thinking and innovative use of technology pay off. By 1915 his company is the largest such in the world. It employs 100 workers and boasts 200,000 customers.

        In the picture above the police station stands on the corner of Duncan and Roger streets.  Postcard shown on the right is of the Fishermen's Institute on Duncan St, next door.

   1913

        Petition to Harbor & Land Commission for construction of breakwater between the mainland and Ten Pound Island. (18) 


   March 13, 1913
  (Thursday) Margaret D.   Landed 1000lbs of fish

 March 15 (Sat)
 Margaret D.  Landed 1000 lbs fresh fish
A few of the gill netters ventured outside yesterday during the thick fog and picked up their nets, the receipts of the day being small however, about 15,000 pounds in all being landed. the fleet of mackeral boats that went out night before last have not returned and have probably harbored to the eastward and will be in for Monday’s market.

March 17, Margaret D. lands 1000lbs of fish.






 




 



 


 


 


 GDT Friday March 21, 1913

Str. Margaret D. STRUCK A LEDGE

Crew safe on Milk Island This Morning - Full of Water - May Be Total Loss - Fog Caused Mishap

While proceeding outside this morning for a day’s fishing, the gill netting steamer Margaret D., Capt. John Dahlmar, went ashore on the dangerous ledges on the south west side of Milk Island during the thick fog about 6 o’clock this morning and it is feared that the steamer will be a total loss.

With several others of the larger type of gill netting steamers the Margaret D. has been fishing off Thatcher’s Island and was headed in that direction when she struck on the rocks. The loud blowing of her whistle attracted the attention of C.K. Whittier, one of the Gap Head Life Saving patrol who was on duty at the time and he hurried back to the station and the crew of the station went to the aid of the stranded craft.
The place where she lay is a dangerous one and in a short time, her hull was full of water.
Help was summoned from this city and the tug Nellie and lighter Phillip went down, but were unable to do anything.
It is feared that the Margaret D. will be a total loss. The crew reached land in safety and are remaining by to save what they can. At low tide the tug and lighter will again go down to take off her nets, gear and such things as can be saved and moved.



HOPE TO SAVE HULL Saturday March 22,1913


March 22, 1913 Gloucester Daily Times

Hope was To Save Hull Of Str. Margaret D.

The Gill netting steamer Margaret D., which went ashore on the southwestern side of Milk Island yesterday morning during a thick fog, is badly damaged and will probably be a total loss. At low water the little steamer is high and dry among the rocks, with two large holes in her bottom, and with the wind blowing from the present quarter, it would take but a short time before she would go to pieces.

Yesterday afternoon one of the Dahlmer fleet of Gill netters visited the scene and the crews of the craft, together wrecked steamer assisted by Capt. Bearse's crew of the Gap Head life saving Station, worked the entire afternoon removing what movable gear they could on the island above high water mark.

Another visit will be made to the wreck today in order to save as much as possible, Capt. Dahlmer hopes to be able to remove her boiler and engines as well.

Should the wind haul around to the northwest it is possible that something may be done to save the hull, although the craft was badly chewed up yesterday from the heavy pounding on the rocks and all four blades of her propeller smashed.

The Margaret D. was built in Ashtabulla, Ohio, in 1899, and came from the Great Lakes two years ago to engage in gill netting. She was 32 tons and valued at about $4000, with no insurance, it is understood. Capt. Dahlmer was her owner and she was operated in connection with steamers Gertrude T. and George E. Fisher, which are owned in the family.

    
            GDT
MONDAY MARCH 24, 1913

GIVE UP HOPE OF SAVING THE HULL

All hopes of saving the hull of the gill-netting steamer Margaret D. which went ashore on Milk Island last Friday morning during a fog, have been abandoned and the craft will be a total loss. And effort will be made, however to save her boilers and engine as soon as weather conditions will permit.

At low tide yesterday, a gang of about 20 men worked on the steamer while the tide was out and succeeded in wrighting her. The craft was back so as to get at her bottom with a view of patching up her holes with canvas, but darkness stopped further operations. Some of the men were set ashore on the main land while others remained on the island to look after the wreck at high water. When the wind shifted again to the south some fears were entertained of a rough sea, but later the wind petered out and the sea remained calm.

This morning, Capt. John Dahlmar and two dory loads of men came from the island and reported that the craft had been listed badly during the night by the heavy sea which stove a number of large holes in her bottom, making it useless to make any further attempts to save the hull.

The Margaret D. Was built 3 1/2 years ago and cost $10,000, Capt. Dahlmar says. There was no insurance on the craft.

Two of the crew who were at work on the craft were cared for by Capt. Bearse at the Gap Head Life Saving Station last night. There is no shelter on Milk Island.

   1914

        Mayor authorized to have working plans made for Tuberculosis Hospital. (18)

 

        Bill Hubbard:
    This is the Higgins & Gifford boat yard in Gloucester as it appeared in 1912 and, yes, that Is the Rough Rider docked beyond the seine boats. The company produced more seine boats than any other yard on the coast; turning out over 1,000 one year. The built them to order, up to 30 feet long. The yard was located where the east end of the State Fish Pier is now. The yard was gone then but, I remember the field on the hill in back of the yard was packed with old seine boats about the time Mooter's pakage store opened on East Main Street at the traffic lights.

        ""Our Lady of Good Voyage, 1924." The church of the Portugese community was dedicated in 1893. Our Lady of Good Voyage church on Prospect Street was rebuilt after a fire in 1914. (below) In this photo, the carillon bells are only a few years old"….Fred Bodin

        The original statue from Our Lady of Good Voyage church can be seen in the Cape Ann Museum.

   1915

         Our  Lady of Good Voyage Church rebuilt….(18)

       The flake yard at the beginning of the Fort at the end of Harbor Cove.

       It is 1915 and your looking down at the west end of the city, harbor cove, the "Fort", the Paint Factory to the left at the end of Rocky Neck, Ten Pound Island, and the breakwater with the Atlantic Ocean beyond.

   1916

        Schooner “Tattler” set all time dory fishing record when she hailed in with 500,000 lbs. of salt cod. (18)

 “Close to half the taxes of City were paid by summer people” (18)

“ “Studio or Gallery on the Moors” built in East Gloucester” (18)

        East Gloucester in the background, entrance to Smith Cove

     1917

         p.xxxxiv"The sociable recluse of Ravenswood Park, Mason A. Walton, built a cabin in the woods and had a reputation as a naturalist and writer. He is remembered for "A Hermit's Wild Friends, published in 1903. Walton's search for a return of his health in the forest was rewarded: he died in 1917 at the age of seventy-nine." (9)

         In The Cabin Near This Spot
                 Mason A. Walton
          "Hermit Of Gloucester"
                 Lover of Nature
        Lived For Thirty-Three Years
 

        Trolley car business went bankrupt.   (18)
 
 Cruel winter, Harbor frozen to breakwater, Cut shut down for six weeks. (18) GDT Jan.17, 1981

The Tavern built on Windmill Hill, site of former Surfside Hotel. (18)

 1917 or 1918...  1st class of racing sailboats designed & built on Cape Ann by Nicholis Montgomery and Harry L. Friend
  (18),     GDT Oct 28, 1991

   1918

        “Order to take Eastern Point land due to barriers, etc on Shore Drive.” (18)

        Rocky Neck in winter, Smith Cove iced over, by Lester G. Hornsby 

   1919

        
Gloucester, March 28 ….“ The gill net steamer Orion, Capt. John Dahlmer, lying at Rocky Neck, was damaged $2000, by fire at 9:30 Tuesday night. No one was on board the steamer at the time.

The fire started in the engine room, and the amidship section was gutted. The fireman had bank the fires and gone on shore very early in the evening.
The boat is a converted yacht, 100 feet long, and has been engaged for some time in the fishing business.

        Page 82
Next to the railways was Rocky Neck's cultural landmark for 32 years, the Gloucester School of the Theater - the beloved " Little Theater" - made over from Tarr's paint shop into New England's summer drama shrine from 1919 to 1950.       (14)

         Gloucester's outer harbor frozen over, Ten Pound Island in the upper left corner, Eastern Point beyond.

        "Filmed in Gloucester in 1919 and now lost." …Bing McGilvray

,

  1920

        By George R. Sibley, son of William, grandson of George W. ...

 Grampy ( George W. Sibley) came to the United States in the 1890's as a teenager (born in 1877). First to Ludlow, Me., later to Gloucester. In the 1910's he and his wife (marries Granny in 1915 or so) came to Gloucester, built a house on Dodge St., still standing, at it's corner with Sibley St. , named for him. By this time they had a son, Charles William, born in 1919 in N.Y. city. In 1922 they bought property on Rocky Neck, and Grampy commuted back and forth to work, and the place by skiff. Eventually they sold Dodge St. and moved to 22 Rocky Neck, probably early 1930's Grampy worked at Rocky Neck Marine Railways until he retired in the early 1940's. Dad had various boats as a teenager which he kept at a float at 17 Rocky Neck. There was also a larger, cut down sailboat which the family used, kept on a mooring in the cove, I'd imagine. (there's a picture, framed, on my wall of a gang out on her in the 1930's.) Dad greatly enjoyed fishing, often with his chums; Ken McCurdy, Jackie Wonson, Jack Wisutskie, and others. He went off to the war in 1942, maybe '43, and after he came back bought a 1931 Maine dragger, the Nancy J., from a fellow in Vinalhaven in 1946 and rebuilt her on his railways throughout 1947 and 1948.
Grampa was a great help. They had had a railways of sorts in the 1930's, but did it up properly, after the war.

         Canvas #16                 17 Rocky Neck Ave.

                             The cottage before the railways was added.

        In pursuit of the real McCoy by Bill Hamlin

They flew many flags and were from many seas-tramps, one-time luxury yachts, steam trawlers, old gun boats, and large and small schooners. All were attracted to the limits of American territorial waters by the easy money to be made from catering to the great thirst for liquor after the National Prohibition Act went into effect on January 17, 1920.
Known as "Rum Row" , these vessels anchored safely outside the 3 mile limit from the population centers along the Atlantic seaboard and, to a lesser extent along the Pacific Coast. Daily quotes on case lots of liquor were chalked on blackboards and hung in the rigging for customers to see as business went on around the clock. Contact boats of every description came out to the "rum ships" from shore, took on their cargoes and returned to shore where they were unloaded.
While most smuggled liquor was either cut or impure, Bill McCoy sold high quality brand- name liquor. This fact plus his reputation for square dealing earned him the nickname
"the real McCoy", an expression in use ever since.   (21)

        The Booth Fisheries wharves on East Main Street.
 

        Standing below the Eastern Point Lighthouse with Gloucester's breakwater extending out protecting the harbor from the Atlantic Ocean.

   1921

          Canvas #20        The Colonial Inn, East Gloucester
The original homstead of the Patch family at the top of Patch's hill.

                                     Gloucester Daily Times

ROUGH TRIP OF OVER 2000 MILES

“All fears and anxiety which have been entertained for the safety of the little steamer George E. Fisher of Dunkirk, N.Y., which left Lake Erie several weeks ago for this port, to join the local fleet of gill netters, were set at rest this morning, when the craft arrived in port safe and sound, after a rough, hard passage of 2000 miles.
    The steamer which is about the size of the steamer Margaret D., is in command of Capt. Lawrence Dahlmer, brother of Capt. John Dahlmer of the Margaret D..  The young navigator is but 21 years old, but he has lots of nerve and sailed his craft to her destination.
    On account of the draught of his craft, Capt. Dahlmer was unable to come through the Erie locks, thereby necessitating his taking the river and Gulf of St. Lawrence to the Atlantic ocean, and down the Cape Shore and across the Bay of Fundy.
   When the steamer left the lakes, she had a crew of three men, besides the engineer, but on reaching Gaspee, Quebec County, the crew left and Capt. Dahlmer was necessarily delayed until he secured a crew which were sent from here.  The little boat reached the Atlantic ocean and continued along the coast, arriving at Yarmouth, N.S., where she put in about a week ago.
   It was supposed that Capt. Dahlmer would proceed directly here, but he remained in Yarmouth several days. His delay in reaching here, naturally caused much anxiety, friends of the skipper and crew not knowing that the boat had not started. When she put in here this morning, their anxiety was quickly turned into joy.
   The steamer is owned by Mrs. A.B. Dahlmer of East Gloucester, and will fit out for gill netting right away.

         from Wikipedia....
Prohibition in the United States was a national ban on the sale, manufacture, and transportation of alcohol, in place from 1920 to 1933.[1] The dry movement was led by rural Protestants in both political parties, and was coordinated by the Anti-Saloon League. The ban was mandated by the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution, and the Volstead Act set down the rules for enforcing the ban and defined the types of alcoholic beverages that were prohibited. Private ownership and consumption of alcohol was not made illegal. Prohibition ended with the ratification of the Twenty-first Amendment, which repealed the Eighteenth Amendment, on December 5, 1933.

The introduction of alcohol prohibition and its subsequent enforcement in law was a hotly debated issue. The contemporary prohibitionists presented it as a victory for public morals and health, but once the laws were passed they did little to help enforce them. The consumption of alcohol overall went down by half in the 1920's; and it remained below pre-Prohibition levels until the 1940's.[2]

Anti-prohibitionists ("wets") criticized the alcohol ban as an intrusion of mainly rural Protestant ideals on a central aspect of urban, immigrant and Catholic everyday life. Effective enforcement of the alcohol ban during the Prohibition Era proved to be very difficult and led to widespread flouting of the law. The lack of a solid popular consensus for the ban resulted in the growth of vast criminal organizations, including the modern American Mafia, and various other criminal cliques. Widespread disregard of the law also generated rampant corruption among politicians and within police forces.

        

       Captain McCoy was familiar figure along the Florida coast, having operated a motor boat services and a boat yard out of Jacksonville for many years before Prohibition began. The sea was and is blood. His father had, ironically, then in the Union Navy during the Civil War, serving on the blockade of Southern coasts.

By 1921 McCoy had gained a reputation as a skilled yacht builder, having constructed vessels for the likes of Andrew Carnegie, and for all- around dependability and honesty in his dealings. He was also, according to his own memoirs, a teetotaler.

After being approached by an obviously prosperous, though not far above the law boat -owner to skipper a load of liquor from the Bahamas at a handsome daily fee. McCoy began to see the financial possibilities available to skilled sailors in the Prohibition economy. Accordingly, he determined to go with the very best and entrained to Gloucester, Massachusetts to acquire one of the legendary and fast fishing schooners for his planned circumnavigation of the 18th amendment.

        Henry L. Marshall was available for an investment of $20,000. She was a handsome Gloucester fisherman with knock- about rig and twin auxiliary engines for emergencies. She was able to carry 3000 cases of liquor, re-packed into burlap sacks or "burlaps" for ease of storage. She was 90 feet long and built of white oak. She was also all he could afford at the time.

But this was not the case for a long . Even before McCoy came to anchor in Nassau on her first voyage, a speedboat brought and entrepreneur with an offer, 1500 cases to Savannah at $10 per case. In less than two weeks McCoy had nearly recouped his vessel's purchase price.

Amazed at the ease with which this astonishing sum was made, McCoy soon had a tidy sum and a growing circle of contacts, both in Nassau and in New York. In the latter, a member of a gangster- syndicate approached him with a lucrative offer. He wanted to know if he could "import" 5000 cases at a crack.

The skipper lost no time in returning to Gloucester, this time to purchase the Arethusa, a vessel he considered the finest of the Gloucester built fishing schooners. Her owners were bankrupt and she was for sale. McCoy got her for $21,000 although she had been appraised at twice that. He paid cash.

McCoy claimed to be the originator of Rum Row: that line of floating bars and liquor "whole sellers" seen off major market cities in the early days of Prohibition just outside the 3 mile limit and therefore a mocking offense to the "drys". The rows would persist until international law was bent to scatter the fleet beyond 12 miles from shore.

         Grandfather moved his growing family to 9 Hovey St., top of the hill
overlooking the outer harbor.

          Gloucester August 7- a delegation of fishing vessel captains left tonight for Washington to confer tomorrow with George N. Peck, the agricultural adjustment act administrator, on proposals to limit mackerel catches and fix prices for the fish. The fishermen and their associates have agreed tentatively on a program which would limit the catch of each vessel to 24,000 pounds, and fix prices of three and two cents a pound for the mackerel.
Those in the delegation are Captains John A. Dahlmer, Franc Favalora, Joseph Palazolla, Henry F. Brown and William J. MacInnis, former mayor.

        from Northshore Magazine
…....the Gorton's fisherman is based on a painting by artist A.W. Bueller, acquired by Gorton's in the early 1900s. The painting sits today in the president's office. In the 1920s, when the Gloucester community wanted to build a memorial to the fishermen who died at sea, they selected the same imagery."


 “First fish class catboat built at Montgomery Boat Yard” (18)

         This is a painting of a fishboat by David Montgomery, grandson of "Nick" Montgomery who built the first.  Nick built the prototype, filled it full of cement, let it cure, and dismantled it.  He then had a mold and templates to begin mass producing this class.  My first boat was a fish boat that I co-owned with my friend Al Viator.

        The Sibley's had purchased the property
 on Rocky Neck from my grandfather in 1917.
 Henrietta Sibley sitting and reading the paper, and above a check she had written to
 my grandfather, just found by her granddaughter 94 years later.

        The launching of the schooner "Arethusa" in Essex, Ma.

         Bill McCoy on board "Tomoka"    firing his machine gun.

        "Arethusa", the first knockabout schooner built by James & Tarr, was launched at Essex in September, 1907 and remained the largest and fastest knockabout until the "Catherine" was built in 1915.

   1922

         "Where proposed Sea Wall is to be built Western Ave.  Nov.21, 1922"

        Decking in a schooner at Bishop's Yard in Vincent Cove.
 In the background the sign of the "Gloucester Electric Company"

   1922

         “North Shore Arts Association established.” (18)

        “W.Starling Burgess designed THE PURITAN, maybe the finest and fastest “Gloucesterman” ever built.” (18)

        Puritan heading into Cripple Cove.

        “First modern carillon in America installed in Our Lady of Good Voyage Church” (18)     The bells can be seen in the right hand tower.

         John D.Rockefeller Jr. visits Gloucester.

   1923

        “Stacy Esplanade construction began” (18)

“Eastern Point road proposed as public way.” (18)

“City took Ledgemere (behind Portuguese church) for public park.” (18)

        Canvas #119 Pavillion Beach and Western Ave..
 The houses on the southern side of Western Ave. would be torn down or relocated for the new boulevard, "Stacy Esplanade".

        In 1915-16 Johnnie Morgan opened this store on Western Ave. It was later removed, along with all other buildings on the harbor side of the street, for the establishment of Stacy Boulevard (aka Stacy Esplanade).

         72 Western Ave. The last house standing.

         Many of these houses were moved to new locations all over Gloucester.

        The houses that were removed to construct the Stacy Esplanade can be seen on the left in the photograph above.

        Stacey Esplanade finished.

   1924

        “First quick-freeze industry formed by Clarence Birdseye” (18)

“The MAINE, built in Essex 1845, last surviving pinky, dismantled” (18)

“Permission asked to run sluiceway under Rocky Neck” (18)

    1925

         Pete Tysver aboard the Anna T.

        Capt. Pete Tysver on the deck of the "Anna T."

          Finally, it was on July11, 1925, when the gill-netter Anna T was stranded on the rocks at the mouth of the Annisquam River in Gloucester. Captain Albert Arnold and his partner Philip Beaudine owned the vessel. Captain Gerry Shoares had borrowed the gill-netter to haul his gear in the bay, as his craft was on the ways being painted. For some reason, on her return trip, the Anna T lost power and took bottom on the bar at the river's entrance and drifted onto the rocks off what is known as Annisquam. It was a total loss, but with no loss of life.
Captain Shoares had a new vessel built to replace the loss, and Captain Arnold and his partner named the new craft the Phylis A. after Arnold's daughter.

         Canvas #11         Tom Morse Aboard "Kelpie"
The "Phylis A.", is in the background at the wharf off East Gloucester Square

         from the Gloucester Daily Times
    Receiving a tip that a load of liquor had been landed on Croft Island at Essex, prohibition officers yesterday morning went on a hunting trip, and after scouting around the apparently deserted cottages on the island came to a place that looked as though it might have been recently receiving outside attention.
Forcing their way through the door, the officers went through the rooms and came across a quantity of wet goods. This stuff the officers seized and then requested the local civil guard in back-up and remove it. The liquors were consequently taken to Boston.
The exact amount of the seizure is not definitely known, but it is said to be around 350 cases. 75 of which are mixed liquors and the rest alcohol.

        Picture is of the Weiderman's boat "Mary A." She was built in Essex in 1925 for Capt. Edward Weiderman who was our gr.uncle. He was married to our grandmother's sister Mary A.Gordon. His son, Capt. Axel Weiderman also captained her in the late 1930s before he moved to Rhode Island. The Mary A was documented #224861 at 77X17.1X8.3.    -cousin Bill Hubbard



“Rocky Neck Wonson School Cartesian Society.” (18)

“Belmont Hotel fire on Main St.) (18)

 

       “Leonard Craske’s sculpture “The Man at the Wheel” installed” (18)

      Canvas #105 Good Harbor Fillet 
  
 “Birdseye fresh fish freezing plant built on Commercial St.” (18)
 The building with the tower was  originally the Birdseye plant.

        "In 1925, his General Seafood Corporation moved to Gloucester, Massachusetts. There it employed Birdseye's newest invention, the double belt freezer, in which cold brine chilled a pair of stainless steel belts carrying packaged fish, freezing the fish quickly. His invention was subsequently issued as US Patent #1,773,079, marking the beginning of today's frozen foods industry. Birdseye took out patents on other machinery, which cooled even more quickly, so that only small ice crystals could form and cell membranes were not damaged. In 1927, he began to extend the process beyond fish to quick-freezing of meat, poultry, fruit, and vegetables.

In 1929, Birdseye sold his company and patents for $22 million to Goldman Sachs and the Postum Company, which eventually became General Foods Corporation, and which founded the Birds Eye Frozen Food Company. Birdseye continued to work with the company, further developing frozen food technology. In 1930, the company began sales experiments in 18 retail stores around Springfield, Massachusetts, to test consumer acceptance of quick-frozen foods. The initial product line featured 26 items, including 18 cuts of frozen meat, spinach and peas, a variety of fruits and berries, blue point oysters, and fish fillets. Consumers liked the new products and today this is considered the birth of retail frozen foods. The "Birds Eye" name remains a leading frozen-food brand."
     Wikipedia

        Birdseye's plant under construction, off Pavillion Beach and Gloucester's outer harbor.

        Gloucester Society of Artists Gallery, Eastern Point Road, Gloucester, Mass.

(

  1926

        "Adventure" with a deckload of spectators for the 1926 schooner
                race between "Columbia" and the "Henry Ford"

        Launching "Columbia" in Essex, Ma.

         “The coast of Eastern Point and all of Cape Ann with its myriad
coves, rivers, inlets, marshes, secret places, wharves and maritime
sophistication came alive between sundown and sunup during
Prohibition, and all this activity was spiced with bursts of melodrama,
Coast Guard chases, gun battles, rammings, burnings, mysterious
explosions, scuttlings, highjackings and piracy. _Pointers occasionally
witnessed a hot pursuit off some landmark of topical renown such as
Whiskey Ledge, but in general events beyond the Gate Lodge were
cloaked in a discretion appropriate to the character of an upper-level
summer colony, and a fair share of the contraband which reached
Eastern Point by land or sea did not find a ready route to the outside
lest its effects merely accelerate the already deplorable relaxation of
law and order. (22)

         Canvas #122  Rum Running Off Brace Cove

        Evidence of bootlegging was _more often than not as circumspect as
it was circumstantial. Like the night of June 9, 1926. The Coast Guard
patrol boat chased a'suspicious launch off the Back Shore which jetti-
soned its cargo and escaped. Or so it was supposed, for some claimed
it struck a rock off Brace’s and sank.
Anyway, incoming fishermen reported the waters outside the Cove
littered with floating cases of booze, and a lobsterman told the police
that while he was hauling at daybreak he watched case after case being
taken out of the Humane Society boathouse and loaded into a truck.
Then a young fellow who had been delivering fresh fish to summer
homes on the Point revealed that as he innocently approached the
boathouse that afternoon two men emerged, stuck a gun in his belly
and suggested he move on, which he did without delay. When the
marshal and the Prohibition agent raided the old boat shed, they
found twenty-five gallons of alcohol in cases and fresh signs of recent
doings, but no culprits.” (22)

   1927

          p.xxxvii
"Columbia" went to the bottom off Sable Island, August 26, 1927     (9)

        Sable Island, lying off the northern end of Nova Scotia,
              just inside of the Continental Shelf

        Loading booze aboard "Arethusa" for 
 big Jim McCoy in Nassau harbor.

         Gordons Gin!

        “First sewage pumping station located on Stacy Esplanade” (18)

        June 17, 1927, "Circus Day, Sells Floto Show." The circus troop were a combination of the Floto Dog & Pony Show and the Sells Brother Circus based in Indiana. Their season feature for 1927 was Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, of which Gloucester was their 9th week stop out of a 28 week tour.

   1928

         ". More than a half billion dollars worth of automobiles were sold abroad in 1928 by firms in the United States."


 p.xxxxiv
"Probably Gloucester's most widely known native son was Roger W. Babson, a self-taught economist, financier, business analyst and oracle, founder of the Babson Institute in Wellesley, prolific writer, patron of gravity research, student of Dogtown Common and enthusiastic benefactor of Cape Ann. Among his various philanthropies are his gift of more than a thousand acres of watershed to create the Babson Reservoir and add materially to Gloucester’s limited water supply, and her open spaces, and his major financial support of a new maternity wing at the Addisom Gilbert Hospital. He died at ninety-one on March 5, 1967." (9)

           Canvas #115    Roger Babson and "BEON TIME"

        At about 2 a.m. on New Years Day 1928, the Canadian Beam Trawler F/V Venosta while dragging 40 miles West SW of Sable Island, got her gear entangled in wreckage. With powerful winches pulling the taut cables, there slowly arose from the waters a vessel rolling and pitching but on an even keel. The vessel seemed in good shape, the major portion of her rigging was intact. All aboard the steamer agreed that she was Columbia, but this can never be known. The cable snapped and the vessel sank again to the depths. ~ Gordon William Thomas 1948 ~ JPB Collection

   1929

         from the Gloucester Daily Times
Investors Should Have Good Bonds

Babson Shows Fallacy Of Ignoring Sound Investments In The
Speculative Chase

Babson Park, Florida, January 25, 1929


"The public is to busy chasing stocks up the hill to pay much attention to bonds. Indeed, many so-called investors have been throwing good bonds overboard and are plunging into the stock market at these levels. This long bull market in stocks is leading folks astray. I am both amused and startled at the readiness at which the public says a 3% yield on a stock is a logical thing, and this or that or all stocks ought to sell over 15 or 20 times their earnings. Have we forgotten that earnings change as rapidly as the tides? What will happen when earnings of a favored company drop 30%, and who will then be hung up with such stocks at absurd figures?
It is all right to have a reasonable portion of one's funds in the stocks of good companies with a promising long term outlook. It is quite another thing to have all of one's funds in stocks and none in bonds. That is like canceling your life insurance simply because you are in good health. People who do this would'nt think of throwing away their fur coats in August because the temperature happens to be 98 degrees in the shade. Every investor should have a good sound back-log of bonds, and at this time when stocks are at such high levels his proportion of bonds should be at a maximum instead of a minimum."


Gloucester Daily Times March 11, 1929

Look Out


"Wages since the World War have gone up faster than he cost of living, though for many that seems hard to believe. There are always exceptions. In certain lines the cost of living has kept ahead of the rise in wages. But taken as a whole, the worker receives $2.31 today for every dollar he received before the war. He pays about $1.65 for what used to cost a dollar. Compared to England both wages and the amount of work make us appear to be living in a paradise. But we have 100 temptations to spend money that the average worker abroad does not have. We live in a motor owning, telephone using, radio running, instalment paying country."
Yet Mr. Fisher, an equally good financial authority, does not feel so pessimistic. We do not think the bottom is going to fall out of everything immediately.
But perhaps we ought to pay some attention to Mr. Babson's unwelcome warning. We had better take some of those paper profits and pay our second mortgages. We should replace the money we took out of the savings bank to speculate with. In short, we should remember that this world is not yet the millennium, that what goes up must come down, and the wise man gets ready for possible trouble before it comes.
Roger Babson observed, "Sooner or later a crash is coming, and it may be terrific".   He suggested that what had happened in Florida would now happen in Wall Street, and with customary precision stated that the (Dow Jones) market averages would probably drop 60 to 80 %.

from Barron's

"As an educator, philosopher, theologian, statistician, forecaster, economist, and friend of the Law of Gravity, he has sometimes been thought too spread himself too thin."

Baron's Sept.9, 1929

" Referred to him with heavy irony as the "sage of Wellesley"and said he should not be taken seriously by anyone acquainted with the "notorious inaccuracy" of his past statements."

Gloucester Daily Times                  Wed. September 11, 1929

                                                Editorial

                                     Babson's Warning

" Roger Babson helped to cause one days slump in the stock market by reminding the American people that they are going too fast. Cassandra or Jeremiah is never believed by the crowd. The bearer of ill-tidings is avoided by those who are in a mood for mirth. Mr. Babson says that too many people are getting trusted, and too few wait to earn the money before they buy automobiles. Installment payments are too extended, and any reverse in business would bring down an avalanche of trouble. The stock market heeded Mr. Babson's advise but for a day, but thinking men are silently digesting his views just the same.
Are we in a new financial era? Probably we are in a limited sense. Things are going very well in the United States, and yet we had better remember that economic laws still exist.
No one can have his cake and have it, too.
If too many people continually waste their substance, the supply of wealth will diminish."


October 21, 1929

Prof. Fisher

" the decline had represented only a shaking out of the lunatic fringe, the prices of stocks during the boom had not caught up with their real value and would go higher."
" the market had not yet reflected the beneficent effects of prohibition which had made the American worker "more productive and dependable""


from Barron's

"As an educator, philosopher, theologian, statistician, forecaster, economist, and friend of the Law of Gravity, he has sometimes been thought too spread himself too thin."


          Tuesday, November 5, 1929

"Babson, in a statement, called for a poise, discernment, judicious courage, and old-fashion common sense."

        Page 82
Rocky Neck's semi-official acknowledgment of the irreversibility of change was embodied in Capt. Frank Foster's conversion of the homestead of his in-laws, the Rackliffe's, into the Rockaway House in 1896. (14)

        The railways at the end of Rocky Neck in the days of the schooner.

        Ten Pound Island from the air, looking southerly.

             photo by Blackinton
            May 5,1929
Gloucester was soon to lose its most valuable aid to navigation and fishing. The aviation unit of Base 7 of the United States Coast Guard Station at Ten Pound Island was to be transferred to Cape May, N.J. The removal of the two amphibian and scout planes was a serious loss to the seamen and fishermen who depended on their services for locating fish, searching for lost fishing boats, rendering assistance to stranded vessels and reporting weather conditions. The 50 homing pigeons used to bring reports back from the scout planes would also go.


       The stone sloop "Albert Baldwin" tied up to what was the old Wonson's wharf off Rocky Neck.

         The Beechcroft Inn on Eastern Point.

        Gloucester Sloop Boat unloading at the old Wonson Wharf.

         On November 18, 1929, at 5:02 PM local time, the Grand Banks was rocked by a magnitude 7.2 earthquake. The earthquake triggered a large underwater landslide, which severed 12 submarine transatlantic cables. The landslide also generated a tsunami which raced towards Newfoundland at speeds of up to 140 km/hr, before slowing to about 40 km/hr in shallower water. Three waves would crash into Newfoundland’s Burin Peninsula, flooding dozens of communities and washing entire homes out to sea. Twenty eight residents would die in tsunami’s path.

        Canvas #166    Harbor Cove

         Sells Floto Circus comes to Gloucester June 15, 1929.
The Sells Floto Circus was a combination of the Floto Dog & Pony Show and the Sells Brothers Circus that toured with sideshow acts in the United States during the early 1900s.
    Frederick Gilmer Bonfils and Harry Heye Tammen owned the first outfit as well as the Denver Post, and the "Floto" name came from the Post's one-time sportswriter, Otto Floto. During the 1914-1915 seasons the circus featuredBuffalo Bill Cody.
    The circus had four elephant births, three born to "Alice" and one to "Mama Mary". The sire of all four was "Snyder". None survived longer than five months.

   1930

          p.xxxvii
Launched March 17, 1930
"The "Gertrude L. Thebaud" was the last fishing schooner built for the Gloucester fleet, and the most famous of them all."    (9)

        p.40

"For Arthur D. Storey was seventy-five when in 1930 he launched the last fishing schooner ever to sail out of Gloucester, the white-winged racer "Gertrude L. Thebaud". Two years later Mr. Story laid the last keel of his life, and with it the tradition of the Gloucestermen, to rest forever."     (6)

Two years later Arthur D. Storey would lay the keel for grandfather John A. Dahlmer's new boat the "Superior"

           She would be a different hull shape,  the start of a  different breed.
Sails became secondary and she was named for her new diesel engine "SUPERIOR"
But in 1930 the Gertrude L. Thebaud was launched - and fished- but really built to beat the Canadians in the International Schooner Races.

        Louis Thebaud with his daughter at the helm of the "Gertrude L. Thebaud"

        Howard Blackburn and Louis Thebaud aboard the "Gertrude L. Thebaud".

         "Back in the recesses of the harbor, behind Ten Pound Island and Rocky Neck and Five Pound Island, by the Fort and Duncan Point, along Smith Cove and Vincent Cove and Harbor Cove, the shore sagged with wharves and shipyards, marine railways, chandleries and sail lofts, riggers, rope walks, net and twine factories, smithies, coopers and boxmakers, icehouses, warehouses, gashouses, paint shops, machine shops, sheds, stables, smokehouses, flake yards, oilskin makers, glue factories, fish dealers, salt dealers, outfitters, teamsters, brokers, agents, saloons, grogshops, poolrooms, barbershops, lunchrooms and boardinghouses."
- Joseph Garland

        
Canvas #17 Schooner and the City
Smith Cove with a sloop heading out, with the end of Rocky Neck behind.
A schooner heading into the inner harbor with downtown Gloucester behind.

         from Wikipedia:
"The American Eagle is a two-masted schooner launched in 1930 that is one of the last of its type built in Gloucester, Massachusetts. Her original name was Andrew and Rosalie.
As American Eagle, the schooner fished as a trawler from 1942 until July 1983, the majority of that time under the ownership of Gloucester brothers John, Joe, and Gus Piscitello, who acquired her in 1945.[3]"

         from Wikipedia: " American Eagle"
"She is currently owned and Captained by John Foss, who rebuilt her for the cruise ship trade. She spends summers cruising Penobscot Bay in Maine on 3-7 day cruises, though she generally takes one longer cruise per year to places like Grand Manan island in Canada. She is one of the few schooners in Maine that goes on longer cruises, and one of the few that goes offshore looking for whales. She also generally returns to Gloucester every year."

        Canvas #131            "American Eagle" off Black Bess

         To list the food needed for 26 or 28 man aboard an offshore dory- trawling vessel early in the 1900s would take too long to put on paper. Some salt banking trips were as long as two or more months. Provisions filled the forecastle lockers and were all but empty when arriving in port.(Grocers love this.) A few items will give an idea of what it was like: say, two, maybe three barrels of flour, same with sugar; several 5 pound pails of lard(this was for bread making), which was a staple no fishermen would do without. Then the other items include yeast, baking soda, salt, fresh pepper, vegetables, for the first of the trip, canned goods, short barrels, kegs of corned beef still in the brine, slabs of bacon and pork, and fruits that would keep (like lemons and limes) - in fact everything wholesome and plenty of it. A type of soda cracker called "hardtack" was a needed staple; usually this item came locally from Hubbard's, a well known Gloucester bakery. A full belly the men happy. Some would say that the amount of "grub"taken aboard put the vessel down by the head. Today, with only a few men to feed for a few days, the cook is not quite so important. Day boats might have pasta, a boiled dinner, or even fish.

       

The sinking of the Grand Banks, the fishing banks off the coast of Newfoundland, which has been reported by the cable ships sent out to repair the cables snapped by the earthquake of November 18th, is causing grave concern to the Gloucester and Nova Scotia fishermen.

The preliminary reports from the cable shops indicate that the Gloucester halibut fishermen will have to seek new grounds for their catches when they sail out of their home port. For nearly a century the fishermen have found the expansive Grand Banks the most likely spot in the Atlantic where good catches of halibut could be obtained. The most recent reports sent out by the cable ships indicate that there has been an extensive and serious sinking of the sea's bottom off Newfoundland. If a similar sinking occurred on land a widespread area would be completely devastated. In places where the soundings previous to the earthquake gave a depth of 600 feet the cable ships report that a sounding of 15,000 feet, nearly 3 miles, is now necessary to reach bottom. Some of the cable ships report that for distances of 100 miles on the Grand Banks, the cables have disappeared and have sunk to unknown depths. Before the shock these copper strands were within 600 feet of the surface. While these cable ships are still making exhaustive soundings, they all have reported that the quake appears to have caved in the bottom of that section of the North Atlantic, thus rendering useless the charts that have been made for this area of water. How extensive this new condition will prove to be no one yet knows.

The news that the Grand Banks had sunk caused considerable apprehension in Gloucester. It means that a fleet of 27 vessels that goes out of this port seeking this important food fish will have to spend many weeks of blind searching for the new feeding grounds of the halibut. If the fish go toward Greenland, it will mean hundreds of dollars to the vessels in lost time in covering the longer distance between the fishing grounds and the ports where they market their fares. Years ago the veteran Gloucester fishermen fitted out for Greenland, but under the present conditions a vessel would have to secure $100,000 worth of halibut to show a profit. While the Gloucester fishermen depend on the Grand Banks for halibut, these grounds are also the mainstay of the fishing industry of Newfoundland, Nova Scotia and some of the European countries. A fleet of French trawlers and many British schooners are at the Grand Banks most of the year. These are the largest banks in the world and therefore constitute the most extensive feeding ground for cod and halibut in the North Atlantic. The banks, tryangular in shape, cover hundreds of square miles and their disappearance would be a hard blow to hundreds of Northern communities which are dependent on fishing for a livelihood and whose fleets are not equipped to make long trips. The findings of the cable ships indicate that the sinking of the shoals has taken place in the territory where the Gloucester fishermen put down their trawls on the southern and western edge of the Grand Banks. Several of them, including Capt. Clayton Morrisey, stated yesterday that they have hooked the cables on their trawls while hauling in their catches. An agreement exists between the cable companies and fishermen by which the latter cut the trawls or anchors which have fouled on the cable, get the exact position of the tangle, and are reimbursed for the gear they have lost. Capt. Morrisey states that the Government would probably be asked to make a new survey of the Grand Banks in order to give the fishermen some idea of where

        This trolley car line which was opened up in 1855 ran to Long Beach. All electric cars left Cape Ann in 1910. The trestle was torn down in 1930.

     The Grand Banks Tsunami — 85 Years Ago Today
Posted on November 18, 2014 by Rick Spilman

On November 18, 1929, at 5:02 PM local time, the Grand Banks was rocked by a magnitude 7.2 earthquake. The earthquake triggered a large underwater landslide, which severed 12 submarine transatlantic cables. The landslide also generated a tsunami which raced towards Newfoundland at speeds of up to 140 km/hr, before slowing to about 40 km/hr in shallower water. Three waves would crash into Newfoundland’s Burin Peninsula, flooding dozens of communities and washing entire homes out to sea. Twenty eight residents would die in tsunami’s path.

      1931

          July 1931, the USS Constitution visits Gloucester Harbor.

        Canvas #150  The "Gertrude L.Thebaud" from the deck of "Elsie"
 during the schooner races off Gloucester in 1931.   

              Babson Reservoir
                and Sanctuary
                  (1150 acres)
   "This reservoir, watershed and reservation are for the people of Gloucester, the land having been given in memory of my father and grandfather who roamed over these rocky hills.  They had the vision that some day it should be conserved for the use of the city and as an inspiration to all lovers of God and nature."
                                        Roger W. Babson
                           AD 1931

   1932

      Building the "Superior"

      Keel and Frames

         The Superior was designed by Jacob Story and built for Capt. John A. Dahlmer in 1932 at the Story Shipyard in Essex, Ma. Her keel was the last laid down by famous Essex Shipwright, Arthur D. Story. At the time, the Gloucester Daily Times noted that she was considered by many to be one of the finest vessels ever turned out by that famous yard. She was powered by a 350 HP heavy duty Superior diesel.
She was documented #231833 at 110’ length X 19’ beam X 10’ draft.

Bill Hubard

                                              July 9, 1932
"Superior" launched into the Essex River, then towed to Gloucester to be finished off and rigged for fishing.

          Canvas #124    Grandfather John A. and the Launch of "Superior"

          Canvas #3           Father in the Wheelhouse of “Superior”

          The Superior home from a three week “trip” fishing in the cold
Atlantic. The “x” on the photograph is the pilot house window.

         My father and the “gang” clearing                             “Superior’s” deck.

                Canvas #22     Frankie Palmer & Wilson Wolf aboard "Superior"

        Canvas #21 -    Sails Drying - “Superior & Company”

          October 1932 Schooner race off Gloucester

         Howard Blackburn dies at the age of 73.

        Arthur Story and workman

         Frames going up in the Story Yard in 1931.

1933
     1933

          p.xxxx
“Salt cod and mackerel hung on stubbornly in Gloucester, into the thirties and the Depression, but the fleet, landings, and the number of men employed struck bottom. Then, a reprieve: in 1933 redfish, which the fishermen had always discarded contemptuously as trash, was “discovered” for its filleted qualities, which displayed the taste and texture of fresh water perch. A huge market was opened up, centered in the Midwest.  Redfish saved the Gloucester fisheries. From a few thousand pounds in 1934, landings rose to 177,690,000.

         p.xxxxv
“ The harbors, coves, beaches inlets, rivers and salt marshes of Cape Ann were an Atlantic coast delta for the entry of illegal alcohol during the years of National Prohibition from 1920 until the repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution in 1933. The shuttling of booze in small, fast boats from the ships anchored on “Rum Row” outside the twelve-mile limit and the smuggling of liquid contraband under a fare of codfish were a thirteen-year headache for Prohibition agents, local police and the Coast Guard, who had the disagreeable duty of playing cops and robbers with an important segment of private enterprise.
These years were packed with excitement, with raids on land and sea, chases, piracy, hijacking, homicide, narrow escapes, comedy and errors – all in the infinitely contrived avoidance of an unenforceable law and very little of it any great credit to Cape Ann. But the circumstances were made to order, if not extenuating, and the temptation to engage in bootlegging were too often irresistible.” (9)

        Canvas #122      Caught - Rum-Running Off Mother Ann

          By Chris McDonough/Special to the Beacon
Cape Ann Beacon
Posted Jul 15, 2010 @ 05:17 PM


Gloucester —
Franklin Delano Roosevelt quietly sailed into Gloucester Harbor 10 minutes before midnight on June 20, 1933. Arriving a day earlier than planned, the harbor was devoid of fanfare. The next morning, Gloucester Captain Ben Pine presented Roosevelt with an Emile Gruppe oil painting of the Gertrude L. Thebaud. Aside from its fame for its victories in the Canadian fishing races, Roosevelt recognized the schooner from its docking in Washington D.C. just two months before.
Roosevelt’s visit to Gloucester completed the circle of a little known series of interactions between the Roosevelts and the Gloucester fishing community chronicled in The New York Times archives from April to June of 1933.
In 1933, the Gloucester fishing community was in the midst of a serious shortage of cod and surplus of mackerel. Ronald H. Gilson recalls in his memoir, “Island No More,” that fishermen were known to dump their loads overboard in protest of low prices. The New England fishing community and regulators were starting to negotiate and impose catch limits in an attempt to gain some control over prices. Rumors were also floating around of Canada trying to negotiate the lifting of the U.S. duty on fish.

          The old hulks were tied up to the old Wonson pier extending off the causeway to Rocky Neck in Smith Cove. It was a WPA project to dismantle the old stone sloop "Albert Baldwyn", an old Coast Guard boat and another.

        on shore another derelict "La Mia Botteca"
  …My workshop

        "As soon as possible will pay to the BEARER on demand ONE DOLLAR in Currency, Scrip, or Clearing House Certificates at its option"

   1934

        The foredeck of Superior as built.

                            from
                                             THE BEST OF INVENTIONS
                                                                                                       by Michael Crowley

.....” On the other hand, when Gloucester, Mass. fishermen saw that one of their own had come up with the idea of the whaleback, it was quickly accepted. Either way, a good idea will hang around and make a fisherman’s life more efficient.

                                                         WHALEBACK
Once internal combustion engines were put into fishing boats, fisherman would say that the draggers, either going to windward or taking seas on the quarter, seemed to spend half their time running under water. So it’s surprising that it took so long to come up with a design that would beat back boarding seas while providing the crew some protection.
It was’nt until about 1934, that a fisherman got the idea to build up the bow area over a dragger’s fo’c’sle. That someone was John Dahlmer owner and skipper of the 110’ x 19’ dragger Superior.
The boat, built by Jacob Story in Essex, Mass., spent two years mackerel seining. Then Dahlmer converted the boat to a dragger, Dahlmer added the whaleback. (This name seems to have come from the bow area’s likeness to a whale). When he was asked why the boat needed the whaleback, Dahlmer said, “Well you see fishing is a pretty hard job; it’s wet and cold out there, especially in the fall and winter time, then the men need all the protection they can get. There are times when the decks are awash, and it’s blowing a gale. The seas break over the bow and drop down on the men when they are working and there’s no protection for them. Of course, the whaleback throws most of the water outboard, and it breaks the wind away from the deck. There’s a dozen ways that it helps. Good, dry storeroom space there, too, keeps tackle in good shape.”
The whaleback design was described in the January and February 1944 issues of Fishing Gazette as rising “ above the main deck gunwhale above the fo’c’sle anywhere from four to six feet, depending on the size of the ship. This is decked over watertight. Running from each corner of the whalehead is a v-shaped coaming which is about 18” high, built tilting forward, this intercepts the seawater and sheers it off from the top of the whalehead back into the sea.
“The whalehead itself stands sheer from the foredeck like a snowplow. And like a snowplow throws the snow off the road, so does the bow throw the water out of the ship’s path. Thus when the ship is dragging to windward, the crew
stands in the lee of the whaleback as comfortable as an engineer sits in his cab.”
Besides the comfort, weather and safety benefits, people felt that a boat with a whaleback was better looking than a boat without one.
When a whaleback was added to the Superior, it was the start of the Depression. Consequently, it was 1943 or 1944 before many other boats were retrofitted or built with a whaleback.

         Superior gets repowered

        1932 Oldsmobile
           Patrician 2

        "Superior" coming across the harbor with her new bow.

        The largest bill ever printed by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing was the $100,000 gold certificate. However, they were never put into circulation and were used for transactions only between Reserve banks. Woodrow Wilson is the president featured on the bill.
 
 These Series 1934 gold certificates (of denominations $100, $1000, $10000, and $100000) were issued after the gold standard was repealed and gold was compulsorily confiscated by order of President Franklin Roosevelt on March 9, 1933 (see United States Executive Order 6102), and thus were used only for intra-government transactions and not issued to the public. Of these, the $100,000 is an odd bill in that it was printed only as this Series 1934 gold certificate. This series was discontinued in 1940. The other bills are printed in black and green

        …"On May 9 a colossal dust storm had swung out of eastern Montana, rolled across the Dakotas and Minnesota, dumped 12 million tons of dirt on Chicago, and then moved on to tower over Boston and New York.  As they had in November 1933, people stood in Central Park aand looked skyward, agast at the blackened sky.  Somewhere in the neighborhood of 350 million tons of American topsoil had become airborne in that single storm."    (23)

       The Gloucester Daily Times spring 1934.
 Just guessing.. but…to get by as a seasonal business the building was rented out in the winter … run as a "men's club"…. cards, pool table, maybe a flask or two…grandfather John A. would attend… so I've heard.

        Showing the corner of Wonson St. and Rocky Neck Ave.

                              from the Gloucester Daily Times
                            "Brother, can you spare a nickel"
 was the plaintive song sung by one of the crew of sch. Superior, recently in Manhattan this spring, when Capt. John A. Dahlmer's craft went in there with a trip of fish. The young fisherman who had taken his first peep at New York, was warned not to wander too far from the dock for fear that he would get lost in the canyons of high buildings.
But he forgot all about the warnings, and didn't even take a cent of change with him, and for a couple of hours had a great time viewing the sky-scrapers. Then came time to return to his craft and for the life of him he failed to appreciate which way was north or which was south. He missed his compass, and the fact that the stars hadn't yet made their appearance so that he could navigate to the boat.

          Gloucester Daily Times June 1934

The seiner Orion had some interesting times of late according to the gang. On the last trip out there was one Charley Cavanaugh who received an impromptu ducking when he was swept into the drink as they were fishing off Chatham. It seems that Charlie was stationed in a dory and the boat was traveling along at a good rate, when as he stood in bow at work, he lost his footing and over he went. Instead of being worried he waited for assistance and was saved without any undue excitement. They are one of the youngest crews in the fleet and Capt. Ronald Dahlmer, their skipper, one of the youngest masters.

                             Gloucester Daily Times June 29, 1934
        RENEW EFFORTS TO DISPOSE OF SURPLUS MACKEREL

Efforts are still being made to have the Federal government take over the surplus mackerel catch of the seining fleet, and some definite announcement may be made in a day or two. R.L.Tweedy, Regional Engineer for New England and New York, of the Ferderal Emergency Administration, is in Washington for a conference with officials in charge of the Federal Emergency Relief Administration. A $10,000 appropriation is sought to try out the distribution of surplus mackerel for two weeks.
In an endeavor to hurry along the Washngton approval, Jeremiah Foster yesterday wired Mr. Tweedy at Washington, asking if it would be advisable for Mayor Newell, Capt. John A.Dahlmer; president of the Fishing Masters Producers Association to go to Washington for a conference with Harry L.Hopkins, Federal Administration, S.A.Baker and Mr. Tweed

         Later the pilothouse would be raised.  From my cousin Bill Hubbard…."I was aboard her several times the last couple years before she was sold. I used to row my skiff across and tie it alongside to go up town to do errands. Uncle Eber took me to the machine shop and introduced me to the guys there and told them I had permission to tie alongside. I remember the double windows in the pilot house. They blocked them with black painted plywood and raised the deck inside so an adult could use the new windows."

    1935

        Fishing industry made a comeback based on frozen fish business.    (18)

  City Hall mural painted by Charles Allen Winter "High School Education"   (18)

                       Mural over the City Hall stage
 "Build Not For Today Alone But For Tomorrow As Well"

     Gloucester's new Post Office.

           Done as a WPA project, "Education" by Charles Allen Winter.

       1936

         Grandfather - John A. at the end of the dip-net with a deckload of mackerel.

    1937

        Captains Courageous is a 1937 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer adventure film. Based on the novel by Rudyard Kipling, it had its world premiere at the Carthay Circle Theatre in Los Angeles.

   1938

         Five Pound Island in the middle of the inner harbor
          with the Gorton wharves in the foreground.

         In 1938, a $1,250,000 community fish pier and freezer, financed jointly by state, federal and city funds, was built over filled land on to Five Pound Island in the inner harbor.” (9

         Canvas #63           Five Pound Island in the late 1800’

         Canvas #40    Five Pound Island with Sunrise Over East Gloucester

Five Pound Island in the early 1900’s. The business's gone, wharves
collapsed, government money came in to help Gloucester and the fishing industry.

         Superior at the wharf, over her bow the start of the
         new fish pier can be seen.

          The path of the 1938 hurricane, coming ashore on Long Island on
          September 21, 1938

Wikipedia:

The New England hurricane of 1938 the great hurricane was the first major hurricane to strike New England since 1869 the storm lawn near the coast of Africa in September of the 1938 Atlantic hurricane season, becoming a category five hurricane on the Saffir - Simpson hurricane scale before making landfall as a category three hurricane on Long Island on September 21. The hurricane was estimated to have killed between 682 and 800 people. Damaged or destroyed over 57,000 homes, and caused property losses estimated at $306 million ($4.7 in 2012). Even as late as 1951, damaged trees and buildings were still seen in the affected area. To date it remains the most powerfull, costliest and deadliest hurricane in recent new England history, eclipsed in landfall intensely perhaps only by the Great Colonial Hurricane of 1635 .

         p.xxxviii
“This classic series between the fastest fishing schooners afloat came to an end in 1938, on the eve of WWII. It was the finish of a rivalry which endured for nearly two decades, often marred by bitter feelings and harsh accusations. But to the world it was the termination of one of the great eras of man’s struggle with the sea – fishing the banks under sail. The contest was the more poignant for it - the last working schooners, closing the age of sail, in a symbolic race home to market.” (9)

           Canvas #138 Gertrude L. Thebaud leading the "Bluenose"
           with Sterling Hayden as tactician

Left to right: From the Bluenose crew Mitchell, Stuart Cooney, Marian Cooney,
Capt. Cecil Moulton, Harry Eustis, Sterling Hayden, Elroy Prior,Everit Jodrey, and Tom Horgan of Assoc. Press at companionway.

         Ben Pine
          "Piney"

         Ben Pine standing in front of the trophy's from his wins. Photograph from the Rosenthal Collection at Mystic Seaport.

        Canvas #27                       Hard Over

        Sterling Hayden
He was navigator on the Essex-built schooner Gertrude L. Thebaud under Captain Ben Pine in the 1938 Fisherman's Cup races vs the Canadian schooner Bluenose. Partly due to the intense media coverage of those races, he was discovered by the press: his photo in the Boston Post captioned "Thebaud Sailor Like Movie Idol" led to modeling opportunities in New York and a call from Paramount Pictures.

         To Link to an article about Sterling on "Good Morning Gloucester" written by E.J. Lefavour
         GO

         "The early part of August 1938, a strange looking craft rounded Eastern Point, headed for Gloucester Harbor and dropped anchor for a visit of several months.  Her original name was ANNAPOORANVAMM and she hailed from Candia, Isle of Crete, 5000 miles away.  She came to Gloucester as she was purchased by a party from Ipswich, Mass., and her name was changed to FLORENCE C. ROBINSON."        (17)

 William A. Robinson ran a shipyard in Ipswich, and during the war ran what had been Booth Fisheries, outfitting boats for war duty.  The big crane is still running today, but the impressive machine shop is no longer in operation.

         p.xxxxi
“The redfish market declined over a period of time, due primarily to overfishing of the slow-growing species. Fish-stick processors turned to imports in the form of blocks of frozen fish. Some of the slack was taken up by a turn to whiting, but these landings also subsided gradually I the face on an unreliable price structure and restrictions by the government on the taking of this seasonal fish by draggers within the three-mile limt. The shrinking, aging fleet concentrated on haddock, only to encounter supply problems, especially on Georges Bank where a massive, mechanized onslaught by the Russian fishing industry threatened depletion of this rich ground, once almost exclusively the preserve of Gloucestermen.” (9)

         Canvas #33                   Mending Time

         Booth Fisheries of East Gloucester, run as Robinson's Yard during WWII and after the war sold to the Alexander's to become Beacon Marine Basin.

         Dedication of the new "State" fishpier".
 "Bluenose" and "Thebaud" tied up.

        "Bluenose" tied up across town.


        The "Superior Diesel"